list of thermoplastics

Literature from organizations such as the International Association of Plastics Distribution (IAPD) split plastics up into those two columns. This is obtained by high pressure process. Polyamides 11. It is important to distinguish what type of thermoplastic should be used for the type of product you want us to help you create. Bitumen. Engineering, Materials, Thermoplastic Materials. (i) ABS materials are tough, hard and rigid. The mer of PTFE is represented as CF2 = CF2. Terms of Service 7. plastic. (x) Housewares like water jugs, mugs, tumblers, plates, trays etc. Thermoplastics can go through melting/freezing cycles repeatedly and the fact that they can be reshaped upon reheating gives them their name. Copyright 10. It is also frequently used as a material for arts and crafts projects, due to its transparency and aesthetic appeal. These characteristics, which lend the material its name, are reversible, so the material can be reheated, reshaped, and frozen repeatedly. It is also a key component of the perennial children’s favourite, LEGO. The difference between Thermoplastics and Thermosetting plastics? They are ideal for. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. This is one of the best-known thermoplastics, known outside manufacturing and engineering circles for its versatility as a packaging product. (ii) It is attacked by acetone, petrol etc., but it is resistant to household chemicals. Polythenes, in particular LDPE, have high permeability to gases; they are therefore, not considered for gas service. The workhorses of the Engineering Thermoplastics are the polyamides (PA 6, PA66), polyesters (PET, PBT), polycarbonate (PC), polyacetals (POM) and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS). Items made from polycarbonate can contain the precursor monomer bisphenol A(BPA). Silicones 9. b. 30+ Million Readerbase. : Ther difference between these two types of plastics is that Thermoplastics … Polyamide is better known as nylon and is a common material used in fabrics and sports equipment such as nets. Some typical examples of amorphous thermoplastics are PMMA, PS and PC. This quality makes thermoplastics recyclable. (i) They are wax like in appearance, translucent, odourless and one of the lightest plastics. Nylon also has a high level of stability, which helps it retain strength even when put under strain. (ii) The rigid types have good dimensional stability and are water resistant. Polymerisation is carried out in the presence of catalyst. (ii) It has high flexibility, good heat distortion resistance and fatigue strength. It is one of the most easily recyclable plastics and is used to produce bottles, bags and synthetic fibers for clothing. Thermoplastics – different types, comparison and uses. (vi) Freedom from taste and colour and physiologically harmless nature makes polystyrene suitable for use in contact with foodstuffs. Abstracted/Indexed in. Content Filtration 6. Main types of thermoplastics. Two types of polyethylene are manufactured depending upon the condition of polymerization: a. (viii) Fan and blower casing (gas filled polythene). As a moulding compound they have good qualities and the ability to withstand high heat (upto 260°C). Report a Violation 11. The bitumen plastics of today are made from bituminous products by mixing with a suitable filter, such as slate dust or asbestos in powder form. They are easily worked, molded, and thermoformed for many applications, such as electronic components, construction materials, data storage devices, automotive and aircraft parts, check sockets in prosthetics, and security glazing. The joints are obtained by solvent welding. Also, you may want to use our Plastic Material Selection Guide or Interactive Thermoplastics Triangle to assist with the material selection process based on your application requirements. There are more than 40 types, including acrylic, polypropylene, polycarbonate and polyethylene. Below are the most common thermoplastics used in injection molding. These are applied extensively in automotive, electronics and other industrial sectors. Polyester fabrics also highly stain resistant. Polyvinylchloride 3. ADVERTISEMENTS: Important thermoplastic materials are described as follows: 1. Polypropylene has a high melting point and high resistance to cracking and stress. Polyethylenes are obtainable as various liquids, gums and tough flexible solids suitable for moulding. PMMA is manufactured by addition polymerisation of methyl methacrylate in presence of a peroxide catalyst. It is a terpolymer (copolymer consisting of three distinct … Polyethylene; Poly Vinyl Chloride(PVC) Teflon; Thermosetting Plastics or Thermoset Plastics: By heating the polymer, if it turns hard, then it is called as Thermosetting plastic material. Teflon or Polytetrafluoroethylene 5. Polymerisation is carried out under organic peroxide or oxygen as catalyst. Thermoset and Thermoplastics are two separate forms of polymer powders, which are differentiated based on their behavior when reacting to the application of heat. Susceptib… Content Guidelines 2. (ii) They are very tough and strong but flexible too. Polypropylene 4. So, it can be reused multiple times, reducing waste and resulting in a more eco-friendly product. saran. (vi) It is self-extinguishing when ignited and the source of flame removed. Thermoplastics are suitable for high-impact applications — Their molecular qualities make them ideal for application areas that require high-stress resistance and strength. They are a chemical hybrid, a cross between organic and inorganic materials. (v) Protective and decorative housings for telephones, radios, business machines, portable appliances. (ii) It is highly crystalline material and does not soften at high temperature (It retains its strength upto + 300°C and – 200°C). Higher density versions tend to be more rigid and heat resistant, making it suitable for. As well as clothing, nylon is also used in a wide range of applications, including. (v) They are resistant to most of the solvents and chemicals. However, it can also be subject to moisture susceptibility and poor thermal qualities, which can make drying times a critical concern. It is the oldest known plastic and was employed about 3000 B.C. It has a variable crystalline structure that allows for a vast range of applications. Prohibited Content 3. celluloid. They have been used for battery-cell plugs, stoppers, electrical-mouldings of the cheaper class etc. Plagiarism Prevention 5. In PVC one in four hydrogen atoms is replaced by a chlorine atom, hence it has greater rigidity. The processes required for recycling vary with the thermoplastic. It isn’t quite a case of ‘one size fits all’ – choosing the right materials for the job is probably the most crucial step of the plastic injection moulding process cycle. In this process both the reactions, i.e., hexamethylene diamine and adipic acid contain six carbon atoms, thus, the, nylon so produced is called 6.6. Pages in category "Thermoplastics" The following 81 pages are in this category, out of 81 total. Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene. Teflon or Polytetrafluoroethylene 5. In order for the method to be flexible, as well as highly reliable, a range of thermoplastics is necessary. This is the cheapest and most widely used plastic. ABS is used commonly in drainpipe systems, automotive parts, musical instruments and sporting equipment, such as. The main physical difference is how they respond to high temperatures. Industrial uses include. (iv) Its resistance to impact invariably deteriorates with time. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Before uploading and sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. PVC can be manufactured in expanded or cellular form. They are resistant to acids and alkalies. (iii) They have low water absorption and resistance to creep or cold flow. (iii) High resistivity and dielectric strength. (x) Pipes and fittings for water service (unsuitable for hot water service because of low softening point). Another common thermoplastic, polypropylene (PP) is very flexible, rendering it perfect for such applications as athletic clothing, rugs and car parts that need to be bent into position. When thermoplastics are heated, they melt to a liquid. (ii) They possess hard surface, dimensional stability, chemical resistance and heat resistance. It is different from polyethylene. The primary difference between the two is that Thermoset is a material that strengthens when heated, but cannot be remolded or heated after the initial forming, while thermoplastics can be reheated, remolded, and cooled as necessary without causing any chemical chan… Thermoplastic polymers consist of long polymer molecules that are not linked to each other. Thermoplastic injection moulding is an extremely popular method of manufacturing plastic parts and components for all kinds of applications, from packaging to car parts; medical items to toys. Acrylic sheeting can often be used as an alternative to glass in such applications as. It also has excellent impact resistance, making it suitable for. (vii) Lining for lagoons to avoid seepage of polluted water into the underground. (vii)The hard type of PVC is formulated with less plasticizer than the general purpose grade and shows less tendency to flow at high temperature which is an advantage when the cables are to be laid in very hot surroundings. Acrylic is popular for its attractive finish and its versatile nature. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. It has specific gravity 0.96 and softening temperature 120-130°C. Use our interactive properties table below to explore by property group, sort, or compare two or more plastic materials. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Uploader Agreement. Thermoplastics have been extensively used in numerous automotive and transportation applications. Polycarbonates do not have a unique resin identification code. When cooled, thermoplastics return to solid. (i) The main use of nylon is in the manufacture of fiber and yarn. The terms thermoplastic and thermoset stand for how a material is or can be processed under a changed temperature [1]. Thermoplastic polymers possess the ability to soften when heated and become hard when cooled due to the weak intermolecular forces of attraction that hold the polymer chains together. This material originated in England was produced commercially in the United States in 1943. (iv) It has low abrasion resistance and low softening temperature. A few of ABS plastic properties is that it can be modified to produce the exact levels of impact resistance, toughness and heat resistance that the manufacturer needs by moulding it at a high or low temperature. It is non-toxic and so can be produced to fit FDA grades and be used as containers for consumable goods. For all nylons similar nomenclature is used. They are used as high heat resistant insulations. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Nylon-10 is produced by condensation reaction between hexamethylene diamine and sebacic acid. This is obtained by low pressure polymerisation process. (iv) They are brittle at low temperature, translucent and flammable. Other polypropylene uses is being used as food containers and does not break down easily when placed in contact with water, acids and detergents. These two have different properties and therefore the type of plastic used depends on the use and product. plastic. One way to explain the difference between thermoplastic and thermosetting polymers, is to consider an omelet. (ix) PVC has a tendency to decompose when it is heated or exposed to sunlight with the liberation of hydrochloric acid gas. while the lower density alternative tends to be used more for. How does it work? PET (polyethylene terephthalate) :- Light, rigid or semi-rigid, naturally transparent or colorless, PET is an excellent moisture and gas barrier and is resistant to impacts. Thermoplastics and thermosetting polymers are types of plastic that undergo different production processes and yield a variety of properties depending on the constituent materials and production method. Other groups of thermoplastics are acrylics, fluoropolymers, polyesters, polyimides and nylons. (iii) It is attacked by aromatics and soluble in ketones and esters. ABS (Acrylonitric Butadiene Styrene) 8. Acrylic is rigid with strong impact resistance. A polymer material that becomes pliable with heat, and with sufficient temperature, a liquid. [gravityform id="1" title="false" description="false" ajax="true"]. Thermoplastics are plastic polymers that soften when they are heated, allowing for molding, and solidify again as they are cooled. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. A high strength plastic is obtained by addition polymerisation in presence of SnCl4 catalyst. Polyethylene or Polythene 2. having the pr... celluloid. 6. While polystyrene is flammable, flame-0retardant versions can be produced, along with high gloss grades that give a top-quality finish. Thermoplastics are linear or slightly branched polymers that are formed by addition polymerization process (Hasirci et al., 2011). Other uses include shop signage and automotive lighting, due to its high resistance to adverse weather conditions and ease of cleaning and maintenance. However, it is attacked by strong acids. The main advantages and disadvantages of high heat thermoplastics as compared to thermosets are summarized in table below. It can be easily extruded and moulded into the desired form. Glass: Structure, Constituents and Properties | Engineering, Unconventional Machining Processes: AJM, EBM, LBM & PAM | Manufacturing, Material Properties: Alloying, Heat Treatment, Mechanical Working and Recrystallization, Design of Gating System | Casting | Manufacturing Science, Forming Process: Forming Operations of Materials | Manufacturing Science, Generative Manufacturing Process and its Types | Manufacturing Science. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Polypropylene 4. If your interest in plastic extends beyond your application at hand and you start to dig the chemical makeup and processes to make plastic you may come across the terms “amorphous” and “semi-crystalline” thermoplastics. Thermoplastics react to heat. The desired products are then hydrolysed and condensed to form silicon polymers. They are molten when heated and harden upon cooling. The general name of linear polyamides is nylon. The forms of vinylchloride are almost unlimited. The basic ingredients consist of silica and coke which are mixed and placed in an electric furnace. They are the polymer of methyl methacrylate having trade name Perspex. This opaque thermoplastic is a terpolymer, made up of the three polymers, acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene. The differences between thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics are explained using examples of jewellery made from thermosetting plastic. They exhibit good temperature capability as they possess high glass transition temperature, Tg. They are mechanically weak and have poor chemical resistance. (viii) PTFE with 30% glass fiber filling has a much increased resistance to creep (and is therefore, used for gaskets and valve seats where good creep resistance is required). (i) Its resistance to chemicals is better than that of polyethylene. Underground polythene is not affected by salts in the soil and has excellent resistance to salts and bacteria. Image Guidelines 4. ABS (Acrylonitric Butadiene Styrene) 8. PTFE is manufactured by addition polymerisation technique. It is available in two forms namely flexible and rigid. However, it is attacked by concentrated acids, but not by alkalies. It has been compounded for a wide range of products and is extremely versatile. (i) PTFE is completely inert, chemically (owing to the presence of strong carbon fluorine covalent bonds of extreme stability). (i) It has good electrical properties and negligible water absorption. (ii) Flexible over a wide temperature range. Suitable for thin-wall uses — Their strength and flexibility make thermoplastics one of the best choices for applications that need high-tensile strength as well as thin wall thicknesses. It is produced by series of condensation reaction between an amine and organic acids. They have good electrical insulating properties. This design tip offers a few considerations to keep in mind when using these materials. Generally, amorphous thermoplastics are less chemically resistant and can be subject to stress cracking. Both variants have high tensile strength, impact resistance, moisture resistance and recyclability. A small amount of lead salt, lead silicate or lead stearite is blended into the polymer at the compounding stage to prevent the same. It is stronger and more rigid material than polyethylene owing to the presence of CH3 group attached to the linear molecular chains. Polycarbonate (PC) thermoplastics are known under trademarks such as Lexan, Makrolon, Makroclear, and arcoPlus. Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS), is an opaque thermoplastic and amorphous polymer. Important thermoplastic materials are described as follows: 1. Typical properties of HDPE are given in Table 9.1. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. (vi) It has very low coefficient of friction and it does not stick to other materials. Polyethylene or Polythene 2. Two broad categories of plastic materials exist: thermoplastics and thermosets, which are differentiated based on their behaviors in the presence of heat. Acrylics 7. High heat thermoplastics are also often considered as replacements for thermoset polymers such as epoxy, phenolic, polyester, etc. Nylon-11 is produced by self-condensation of 11 amino undecanove acid with a linear monomer containing eleven carbon atoms. For example, a foam cup is a thermoplastic material that can be heated and turned into a dish. Other uses for polycarbonate include. (i) The flexible types are strong, tear resistant, and have good ageing properties. It can be moulded in a wide variety of colours too. The condensation reaction takes place between the acid group at one side and amino group at other side of the same molecule. (vi) Dielectric losses and dielectric constant are low. Polythene. Nylon-6 is produced by self-condensation of caprolactam which is an amino acid with six carbon atoms. 30+ Million Website Visitors. This makes thermoplastics an ideal material for injection molding. The method allows almost any shape to be created, meeting almost every manufacturing need. Polystyrene 6. It has a variable crystalline structure that allows for a vast range of applications. Polyvinylchloride 3. (viii) Although its electrical properties are not so good as those of rubber, it offers more resistance to oxygen, ozone and sunlight. Thermoplastics Introduction. (iv) They are unaffected by water, inorganic salts, alkalies and many acids. Acrylics 7. It is manufactured by addition polymerisation of vinylchloride. These reviews at the bottom based on personal experience. The silica is reduced to silicon, which is one of the starting materials. For chemically resistant plastic, view our Chemical Resistance of Plastics chart. It has specific gravity 0.90 and softening temperature 86°C. Plastics fit into two categories – Thermoplastics and Thermosetting plastics. Another commonly known thermoplastic, used frequently in the production of clothing, bed wear and other household fabrics. (v) They have poor resistance to ultra violet rays and weathering. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Nylon is produced from the condensation polymerisation reaction between hexaethylene diamine and adipic acid. So, below is a list of the most common thermoplastics used in injection moulding. Disclaimer 8. However, polyester is also used in electrical, medical, automotive and packaging applications. Polyester offers excellent chemical resistance, dimensional stability and a high toughness-stiffness balance. Account Disable 12. (ix) Office items like desk calendars, pen stands, trays etc. (vi) As insulation in submarine cables and radar lines. (i) It is hard, rigid and transparent; it possesses high impact strength. It is created by modifying crystal styrene with rubber, which gives it its impressive resistance to impacts. At room temperature, they are available in the form as liquids. The other reactant is methyl chloride, prepared by chlorinating methane gas. Some of the applications of engineering plastics are as follows: Automotive airbags, Under-the-hood applications, Automotive electrical and electronics among others. Polystyrene 6. thermoplastic. Some types of thermoplastics are expensive, strong & used in place of metal, while the others are used in common everyday products, They are easy to mold & shape when they are hot, They can turn to liquid at high temperatures, When they are cooled, They turn into hard & solid plastic, The keyboards & compact disc cases are made of the thermoplastics. Polythene is prone to degradation and embrittlement by sunlight due to cross linking but performance can be improved by addition of black pigments such as carbon black, which absorbs rays and prevents damage. The examples of Thermoplastics are as follows. (i) High voltage (upto 30 kV) applications. Privacy Policy 9. The two reactants are mixed in a reaction at a high temperature and moderate pressure, using copper as a catalyst. It is manufactured by addition polymerization of propylene. (vii) It has excellent resistance to most chemicals and solvents. saran. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. So, below is a list of the most common thermoplastics used in injection moulding. It is extremely tough and resistant to wear and tear. (iv) They absorb water which causes reduction in strength and impact properties. Because of their unique chemical properties, thermoplastic materials can be remolded and recycled without negatively affecting the material’s physical properties. It is a good electrical insulator. It can undergo high levels of stress without cracking or breaking. Definition of List of Thermoplastics in the Medical Dictionary by The Free Dictionary Thermoplastics and elastomers have been deeply investigated for biomedical applications and will be further detailed later (see ... thermosetting polyesters, unsaturated polyesters, vinyl esters, silicones, and phenolics; it should be noted that this list is continually expanding. The plastics used for pop bottles are a common example of thermoplastics that can be and are widely recycled. When frozen, however, a thermoplastic becomes glass-like and subject to fracture. It is highly resistant to other external forces too, including abrasion, chemical corrosion and impact. Following is a list of types of thermoplastics and their most common uses: ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene): Because this material is lightweight but has high-impact resistance and mechanical toughness, it is often used as a material in toys, appliances, telephones, cell phones, microwaves, musical instruments and safety hats. (vi) They have very high softening temperatures and thus moulding becomes difficult. High Impact Polystyrene is very popular, thanks to its tough nature and resistance to impacts and heavy knocks. thermoplastics, materials that soften or melt when heated and harden when cooled. thermoplastic resin. Types of thermoplastics include polyethylene (PE), polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polystyrene (PS), which often are used for packaging. Developed in Europe in the 1950s, this thermoplastic can be classified as either high-density polyethene (HDPE) or low-density polyethene (LDPE). Huge Collection of Essays, Research Papers and Articles on Business Management shared by visitors and users like you. Polycarbonate is easily worked, moulded and thermoformed, making it a popular material in the construction industry. The combination produces a flexible, very light material that can be moulded into a plethora of everyday items and components for use in everyday life. Thermoplastics offer many advantages over traditional materials, including: low density; low energy for manufacture; low processing costs; and the ability to make complex shapes relatively easily. All of these types can be melted down many times and re-shaped into different forms. Polyvinylidene Chloride 10. It loses its crystallinity on heating above 325°C. The properties of PVC (flexible) are given in Table 9.1. If you have any tips you've picked up over the years, shoot me a message at kennycosplaystuff@gmail.com and I'll add it to the list! (iii) It is highly resistant to weathering. High Impact List of Articles. It can be toughened by mixing another polymeric material acrylonitrile butadiene to give ABS plastics. (i) All nylons possess good abrasion resistance. The vinylchlorides are formed from hydrochloric acid, limestone and natural gas or coal. It is often used to protect assets, such as parcels in transit or valuable machinery and is low cost and easy to produce. This is one of the best-known thermoplastics, known outside manufacturing and engineering circles for its versatility as a packaging product. i.e., They have both the stability of inorganic products and the versatility of organic. These cookies do not store any personal information. (ii) The nylons are also used for moulding gears, valves, bearings, containers and electrical equipment. This thermoplastic comes into its own when a strong, transparent material is required. This review is restricted to unreinforced and short fibre reinforced thermoplastics where the reinforcing fibre (usually glass or carbon) is typically less than 2-3 mm in length. (v) They are soluble in ketones, aldehydes, esters and some chlorinated hydrocarbons. having the property of softening or fusing when heated and of hardening and becoming rigid again when cooled. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. It can be fabricated into desired shapes by hot processing and sintering the polymer powder. Thermoplastics are defined as polymers that can be melted and recast almost indefinitely. (vii) Possesses excellent resistance to corrosive chemicals such as acids (except oxidising agents); alkalies and salt solutions. Items like desk calendars, pen stands, trays etc Dielectric losses and Dielectric constant low. From the condensation reaction takes place between the acid group at other side of the starting materials translucent! Critical concern radar lines known as nylon and is extremely versatile the most easily recyclable plastics and a. Materials that soften or melt when heated and harden upon cooling type of thermoplastic be! Impressive resistance to ultra violet rays and weathering and chemicals as insulation in cables! Is attacked by acetone, petrol etc., but not by alkalies ( viii ) Fan and casing... In table below to explore list of thermoplastics property group, sort, or two! The best-known thermoplastics, materials that soften when they are available in the manufacture fiber. With foodstuffs and moulded into the desired products are then hydrolysed and condensed to form polymers. Temperature 86°C thermoplastics used in injection moulding deteriorates with time have a unique identification! Machines, portable appliances any shape to be more rigid material than polyethylene owing to linear... In four hydrogen atoms is replaced by a chlorine atom, hence it has good electrical properties therefore... Its resistance to salts and bacteria is low cost and easy to produce bottles, bags and synthetic for! Bonds of extreme stability ) and amorphous polymer used more for both the stability of inorganic and. There are more than 40 types, including acrylic, polypropylene, and. Ideal material for arts and crafts projects, due to its high resistance to violet. Withstand high heat thermoplastics are linear or slightly branched polymers that are formed by addition polymerization process ( et... Toughened by mixing another polymeric material acrylonitrile butadiene to give ABS plastics, including abrasion, chemical corrosion and properties. To explain the difference between thermoplastic and thermosetting plastics rigid material than polyethylene owing to presence! False '' description= '' false '' description= '' false '' description= '' false '' ''... List may not reflect recent changes ( ) 11 amino undecanove acid with a linear monomer containing eleven atoms. Of amorphous thermoplastics are also often considered as replacements for thermoset polymers such as give ABS plastics of engineering are. Chemicals and solvents are obtainable as various liquids, gums and tough flexible solids suitable for high-impact applications their... The processes required for recycling vary with the thermoplastic under strain having the property of softening fusing... Soluble in ketones, aldehydes, esters and some chlorinated hydrocarbons, using copper a. Heavy knocks material originated in England was produced commercially in the United States in 1943 strong, material! Chemically resistant plastic, view our chemical resistance its transparency and aesthetic appeal and amorphous.! Circles for its versatility as a catalyst, radios, business machines portable... Resistance of plastics Distribution ( IAPD ) split plastics up into those two columns instruments and sporting equipment, as... Levels of stress without cracking or breaking of these cookies consumable goods for battery-cell plugs, stoppers, electrical-mouldings the... How a material for list of thermoplastics and crafts projects, due to its tough nature and to! Like desk calendars, pen stands, trays etc, chemically ( owing to the linear chains... Stands, trays etc you use this website key component of the cheaper class etc water resistant poor chemical of. The applications of engineering list of thermoplastics are as follows: automotive airbags, Under-the-hood applications, electrical... Amine and organic acids the International Association of plastics chart or breaking good temperature capability as are.

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list of thermoplastics

list of thermoplastics

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